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How to keep your flowers fresh

Great! You received flowers for that special occasion, but now you want to know how to keep them beautiful for as long as possible, there are some simple steps to follow to extend the life of these beautiful plants.

1. Wash Your Vase Thoroughly

The roots of the plants act as filters that prevent bacteria from entering the plant system and also provide a source of water and balanced PH to feed them correctly.

When you receive your flowers have a clean vase where you will place them. Clean the base with a little hot water and a few drops of bleach to eliminate any bacteria it may have. Leave it dry upside down.

2. Condition Your Water

Some flowers need more water than others, if their stems are thick or thin, it will give you an idea of ??the amount of water you will need.

When you put water in the base, let it settle for a few minutes so that the air bubbles in it can come out and allow the water to quickly reach the temperature of the room. The flowers take the warm water more quickly, putting fresh flowers in warmer water for their first drink is crucial.

3. Only Use Flower Food

Add a flower food sachet to your vase of water and make sure it’s fully dissolved with a quick stir. Flower food is a concoction of bleach (bactericide), sugar and an citric acid (acidifier).The three ingredients contained in flower food create the perfect environment for cut flowers.

If you’re being creative with your blooms and split them into small bouquets, make sure you still use the sachet but be careful not to overdose. The average sachet will contain the right dosage for 1 litre of water.

How it works? Bleach eliminates harmful bacteria. Sugar provides flowers with the energy to allow them to blossom. Citric acid balances the PH of tap water, dissolves air bubbles and improves the effectiveness of the bleach.

4. Prepare Your Stems

Cut the stems. Place the stems next to your vase to measure the right height for them to be cut. Remove any foliage that will fall below the waterline of your vase. If any foliage is left below the waterline, it will firstly introduce bacteria back into your clean water and will also decompose quickly being submerged.

Cut the stems at an angle with the sharpest scissors, shears or knife you can find.

Cutting the stems with a sharp implement makes sure the cut is clean and the stem isn’t crushed, this aids water uptake. Cutting at an angle creates a larger opening at the base of the stem for more water uptake and stops them sitting flat in the vase.

Once your flowers have been cut, place them immediately into your vase of water.

As water evaporates from leaves and the head it creates natural pressure which sucks up water. When the stems have been cut, get them back into your vase sooner rather than later as the stem will suck up surrounding air and dust which clogs the stems.

5. Place in a Suitable Location

Keep your flowers in a cool location away from sources of heat such as household appliances or radiators, direct sunlight such as windowsills and drafts from windows or doors.

Tip: Keep your flowers away from any fruit or vegetables. When cut flowers are subject to heat it causes them to release more water (transpire) than they can draw up the stem causing wilting to occur. That’s why wilting flowers are very moist at the head of the stem. Fruit releases ethylene gas as it ripens which poisons cut flowers causing wilting and browning.

6. Check Regularly

Try not to neglect your flowers for more than 2-3 days. Be sure to take them out the vase to change trim them. Use the stems as a handle to hold your flowers rather than the heads, human hands are warm and will make them dry.

Check the quality of your vase water, if it is slightly cloudy, change it for fresh water.

No matter how meticulous you have been with your vase, flower food and cutting, bacteria will still form and attach to the end of your flower stems and discolour your water. This is the most frequent cause for a short vase life so keeping on top of this is key to long life flowers.

Hope this guide was helpfull to keep your flowers fresh